Skip to main content

GPHY227: Cities

A course guide for Geography 227

Subject Specific Databases

Google Scholar & Broad Multidiscplinary Indexes

Use the Google search engine to locate articles from a wide variety of academic publishers, professional societies, preprint repositories and universities, as well as scholarly articles published on the "open" web.
 
Setting up "Get it @Queen's" button on Google Scholar
 
Find articles in peer-reviewed journals, conference proceedings, monographs and reports covering a broad spectrum of topics.

Finding Government & Advocacy Group Info

Try using the Google Custom search to limit your results to information originating from government, non-government or think tank organizations.

   

 

Summon

Scholarly journal articles are very important sources for research as they contain the most-up-to-date research in a given field and often focus on a particular aspect of a topic.


Connecting Keywords

Operator
Used for
What it Does
Example

AND

when you want to find material containing two or more concepts

using AND between keywords means that both terms must appear somewhere in the record

narrows your search

A search for <benefits AND oil sands> would only retrieve those documents containing both the word benefits and the phrase " oil sands."

OR

when you want to find material containing either or any of the keywords

use OR to combine synonyms and related terms

broadens your search

A search for <food scarcity OR food deserts, health geography> would retrieve information on either concept.

NOT

use NOT to exclude a concept or word from the search

use NOT sparingly, if at all, because you could end up excluding useful search results (e.g. articles or books that discuss both concepts)

narrows your search

A search for <NGO NOT governments> would exclude any results which contain the word "governments."

TRUNCATION

Truncation is like a shortcut. Placed at the end of the root of a word (or word stem), a truncation symbol tells the database to search for variant endings of the word, including plurals and singulars.

broadens your search

A search for <urban?> would retreive results containing alternate endings to the word like urbanism

A search from <wom?n> would include both woman and women

The * and ? truncation symbols used by databases

 

Nested Searching is used whenever you have more than one Boolean operator, such as AND and OR, in a search statement, it is necessary to separate them with parentheses. This is known as a "nested searching." Here's an example:

(shortage OR scarcity) AND ("natural resources" OR "ground water")

Nested searching tells the database the proper order in which to search for the keywords. Operations enclosed in parentheses are performed first followed by the operators outside the parentheses.

Note: Most databases use American spelling, so, when applicable, you should search for both versions of a word (e.g. use labour OR labor to retrieve either results for either spelling).

Phrases

"return on investments"
"climate change"
"developing countries"