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Introduction to Research

What is an Annotated Bibliography?

An annotated bibliography is an alphabetic list of research resources that includes an annotation (a description and/or brief critique) for each item.

An annotation is a paragraph which may contain the following points:

  • information about the author, his/her qualifications
  • main arguments and purpose of the work
  • intended audience and level of difficulty
  • the work's main recommendations or conclusions
  • your critique/assessment of the work (describing biases, integrity, and usefulness of the work for your essay)
  • your instructor may also request that specific information be included/excluded, so check with him/her or your TA if you are unsure

NOTE: Written by Carleton University MacOdrum Library. 

Writing an Annotated Bibliography