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Legal Citation

This guide provides an introduction to the citation of cases, statutes and regulations, books and journal articles, and electronic sources.

Citing Books

This is the citation pattern for books:

author, title, edition (if needed), place of publication, publisher, year of publication, pinpoint (if needed).


PW Hogg, Constitutional Law of Canada, 2d ed (Toronto: Carswell, 1985).  

Citation Breakdown:

A. Author's Name

  • initial(s) or first name (as it appears in the book), then last name  

B. Book Title

  • the title should be in italics

C. Edition Number

  • include if this is not the first edition (note that 2d and 3d are used, not 2nd and 3rd)

D. Place of Publication

  • the city name is followed by a colon and contained in parentheses along with the publisher name and year of publication 

E. Publisher

  • write the name of the publisher as it appears on the title page

F. Year of Publication

  • indicate the year of the current edition

G. Pinpoint

  • Pinpoint to a page or section. See the following examples:

    PW Hogg, Constitutional Law of Canada, 2d ed (Toronto: Carswell, 1985) at 73.

    RJ Delisle, Evidence: Principles and Problems (Toronto: Carswell, 1984) at 129.