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Legal Citation

This guide provides an introduction to the citation of cases, statutes and regulations, books and journal articles, and electronic sources.

Citing Electronic Secondary Sources

Online Sources

As a general rule, when citing electronic sources, give the traditional citation for the type of secondary sources it is - whether it is an article, a government document, etc. - followed by a comma, and then "online:", and give the name of the website, and the URL. The URL should not be underlined, but it should be enclosed with "<" and ">".


Polly Donda-Kaplan & Natasha Bakht, The Application of Religious Law in Family Law Arbitration Across Canada, online: Women's Legal Education and Action Fund <>.

There are some variations to this rule depending on the type of material being cited.  Consult section 6.22 of the McGill Guide for more details.

Sources from a Database

If you retrieved an article or e-book from a database such as Lexis Advance Quicklaw or WestlawNext Canada, you can indicate this by adding the name of the database in parentheses after the traditional citation.


Paul D Paton, "Accountants, Privilege, and the Problem of Working Papers" (2005) 28 Dal LJ 353 (QL).