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MUTH 380: Research Methods in the Performing Arts

Bibliographic Citation

A bibliography avoids plagiarism and gives credibility to research.  Pay attention to details when creating citations.  Strive for consistency and accurate information, so interested readers can follow up on citations for reading or further research.

Writing Style Guides

Style Guide

Chicago manual of style, 16th ed. (2010) is a preferred style manual for academic research in the Humanities and Social Sciences. Use the online version, or the print version in Stauffer Reference (Ref Z253 .U69 2010).

MLA style manual and guide to scholarly publishing, 3rd ed. (2008) is another recommended style manual for the Humanities. Check the print version in Stauffer Library - Reference Collection (Ref PN147 .G444 2008).

See examples of other style guides under Citing sources.

Chicago name-date style examples below:

Book citation, single or two authors:

Riley, Matthew, and Anthony D. Smith. 2016. Nation and Classical Music: From Handel to CoplandWoodbridge, Suffolk, UK : The Boydell Press.

Chapter in an edited book:

Baily, John. 1994. "The Role of Music in the Creation of an Afghan National Identity." In Ethnicity, Identity and Music: the Musical Construction ofPplace, edited by Martin Stokes, 45-60. Providence, RI: Berg Publishers.

Journal article:

Johnson, James H. 1991. "Beethoven and the Birth of Romantic Musical Experience in France." 19th Century Music 15 (1): 23-35.

Citing Your Sources

Check out these sites for other information on citing sources:

Queen's Library guide: Citing sources

Queen's Library guide: Citing and Citation Managers

Trent University's guide: Chicago style

Trent University's guide: MLA style

Western Libraries, London, ON: Citing MUSIC SOURCES (2010) - in PDF format

Writing Style Guides

Barnet, Sylvan. A short guide to writing about art, 11th ed. Boston, MA : Pearson Education Inc., 2015. SL Reserve N7476 .B37 2015.

Cowdery, James R., ed. How to write about music: the RILM manual of style, 2nd ed. New York: Répertoire International de Littérature Musicale, 2006. Ref. ML3797 .H69 2006

Gottlieb, Jane. Music library and research skills. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2009. Ref. ML3797 .G68 2009

Griffith, Kelley. Writing essays about literature: a guide and style sheet, 7th ed. Boston, MA : Thomson/Wadsworth, 2006. Ref. PN83 .G72 2006

Holoman, D. Kern. Writing about music: a style sheet, 3rd ed. Oakland, CA: University of California Press, 2014. Ref. ML3797 .W75 2014

King, Stephen. On writing: a memoir of the craft. New York: Scribner, 2010. PS3561.I483 Z475 2010 (SL)

MLA handbook, 8th ed. New York : The Modern Language Association of America, 2016. LB2369 .G53 2016 (SL)

Sampsell, Laurie J. Music research: a handbook. New York: Oxford University Press, 2009. Ref. ML113 .S28 2009

Wingell, Richard J., and Silvia Herzog. Introduction to research in music. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2001. Ref. ML113 .W564 2001t

Wingell, Richard J. Writing about music: an introductory guide, 4th ed. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Prentice Pearson Hall, 2009. Ref. ML3797 .W54 2009

Evaluating Sources

Evaluating your sources is a crucial step of the research process. You need to evaluate carefully each source to determine its appropriateness and quality.

Check our Evaluating Sources Checklist for criteria used to judge information sources and our Scholarly and Popular Resources page to distinguish between scholarly and popular publications.

It is particularly important to evaluation information that you find on the Web. Because there are no rules and anyone can post a page on the Web, you will have to determine whether the web site is of value. Go to Evaluating Web Sources (CRAAP Test) for specific criteria used to analyze websites.

Check our Distinguishing Scholarly Journals from Other Periodicals page in order to evaluate periodicals by looking at their content, purpose, and intended audience.

Writing Centre

Writing Centre

The Queen's Writing Centre provides help with brainstorming ideas, creating outlines, improving grammar and style, and thesis statements.  Students are advised to book an appointment for one-on-one consultations. The Centre is located in the Stauffer Library as part of Queen's Student Academic Success Services (SASS), which also comprises Learning Strategies.

See the SASS links for Learning Topics and Writing Topics and Writing Handouts/Tip Sheets, including Writing Critical Book Reviews.

Reflective Writing

Reflection means taking some time to examine your thoughts, beliefs, values, attitudes and assumptions about your understanding of a topic, a situation or problem.  The key questions in reflective thinking are how? and why? rather than just what?  In reflective writing, students are asked to write down their personal thoughts.  

Reflective Writing (University of Leeds)

Reflective Writing (Royal Roads University)