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How to Avoid Predatory or Bogus Publications

Tip 1: Consider carefully unsolicited invitations to submit to the publication

Have you received an un-solicited invitation to submit an article to a publication you don't know and have never heard of? Proceed with caution!

Tip 2: Scrutinize the ‘About the Journal’ section of the journal's website

  • Does the Board of Editors list members who are not recognised in their field or are affiliated with questionable institutions? There have been instances where Board member names have been assigned to a journal without their permission
  • Where is the address of their head office or registered office?
  • Is the target audience for the journal readily identifiable?
  • Are the publisher’s credentials apparent? Are they a member of e.g.: 

Tip 3: Scrutinize the ‘For Authors/ Referees’ section of the journal's website

  • Is there minimal (or non-existent) peer review processes?
  • Are the publication contracts clear and attractive?
  • Does the journal have a very high manuscript acceptance rate or promise acceptance guarantees?

Tip 4: Look for quality and transparency

  • Review the published papers in the journal (both their content, rigorous research approach, communication/writing-style etc).
  • Don’t neglect the aesthetics - is there evidence of good copyediting?
  • Are Print on Demand or other print issue options available
  • Are reader feedback mechanisms available?

Tip 5: Is the publisher explicit about its dissemination strategy?

 Is the publisher explicit about how it distributes and actively promotes the journal? Is the journal indexed in reputable library databases?