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FREN 230: Analyse textuelle et étude de la langue

Guide pour le cours FREN 230 - Rédaction et Style I

Style Guides

Style Guide

MLA style manual and guide to scholarly publishing, 3rd ed. (2008) is the recommended style manual for French Studies. Check the print version in Stauffer Library - Reference Collection (Ref PN147 .G444 2008), or see style guides examples under Citing sources.

MLA bibliography style examples below:

Book citation, single author:

Thomas, Lyn.  Annie Ernaux: An Introduction to the Writer and Her Audience. Berg, 1999.

Chapter in an edited book:

Goulbourne, Russell. "Voltaire, Dante and the Dynamics of Influence." Questions of Influence in Modern French Literature, edited by Thomas Baldwin, James Fowler and Ana de Medeiros, Palgrave Macmillan, 2013, pp. 18-31. 

Journal article:

Tondeur, Claire-Lise. "Le Passé: Point Focal Du Présent Dans l'Oeuvre d'Annie Ernaux." Women in French Studies, vol. 3, 1995, pp. 123-137.

Citing Your Sources

Check out these Queen's Library sites and libguides for other information on citing sources:

Citing sources

Citing and Citation managers

Purdue OWL MLA guide

Trent University's guide: MLA style

Writing Centre

The Queen's Writing Centre provides help with brainstorming ideas, creating outlines, improving grammar and style, and thesis statements.  Students are advised to book an appointment for one-on-one consultations. The Centre is located in the Stauffer Library as part of Queen's Student Academic Success Services (SASS), which also comprises Learning Strategies.

See the SASS links for Learning Topics and Writing Topics and Writing Handouts/Tip Sheets, including Writing Critical Book Reviews.

Reflective Writing

Reflection means taking some time to examine your thoughts, beliefs, values, attitudes and assumptions about your understanding of a topic, a situation or problem.  The key questions in reflective thinking are how? and why? rather than just what?  In reflective writing, students are asked to write down their personal thoughts.  

Reflective Writing (University of Leeds)

Reflective Writing (Royal Roads University)

L' écriture réflexive (Presses de l'Université du Québec, 2014)

Bibliographic Citation

A bibliography avoids plagiarism and gives credibility to research.  Pay attention to details when creating citations.  Strive for consistency and accurate information, so interested readers can follow up on citations for reading or further research.

Evaluating Sources

Evaluating your sources is a crucial step of the research process. You need to evaluate carefully each source to determine its appropriateness and quality.

Check our Evaluating Sources Checklist for criteria used to judge information sources and our Scholarly and Popular Sources page to distinguish between scholarly and popular publications.

It is particularly important to evaluate information that you find on the Web. Because there are no rules and anyone can post a page on the Web, you will have to determine whether the web site is of value. Go to Evaluating Web Sources (CRAAP Test) for specific criteria used to analyze websites.

Check our Distinguishing Scholarly Journals from Other Periodicals page in order to evaluate periodicals by looking at their content, purpose, and intended audience.

CRAAP criteria to evaluate web sources

Evaluation criteria includes:
  • Currency: The timeliness of the information.
  • Relevance: The depth and importance of the information.
  • Authority: The source of the information.
  • Accuracy: The reliability of the information.
  • Purpose: The possible bias in the information.