This book covers specific adaptations from all forms of life, including animals, plants, bacteria, algae, fungi, and viruses. For each adaptation, the book also describes a related technological breakthrough in the human world, showing how engineers today study natural processes to help them develop new inventions.
Entries cover a range of topics, including: Behavioral Ecology, Ecological Processes, Ecological Modeling, Ecological Engineering, Ecological Indicators, Ecological Informatics, Ecosystems Ecotoxicology, Evolutionary Ecology, General Ecology, Global Ecology, Human Ecology, and System Ecology.
Combining modern methods, geobiological information can be extracted not only from visible remains of organisms, but also from organic molecules, rock fabrics, minerals, isotopes and other tracers. Exploring these processes and their signatures also creates enormous applied potentials with respect to issues of environment protection, public health, energy and resource management.
The encyclopedia comprises approximately 1700 entries from the following fields: Astrophysics -- Astrochemistry -- Planetology -- Space Science -- Space Missions and Planetary Protection -- Geology -- Geochemisty -- Geomicrobiology -- Traces of Life -- Chemistry -- Biochemistry -- Biology -- Microbiology -- Origins of Life -- Artificial Life -- Epistemology. The alphabetical part is complemented by: Astrobiological Data -- Astronomical Data -- Geological Data -- Chemical and Biological Data -- Chronological History of Life on Earth.
This book describes and explains all the basic features of the subject, from water chemistry and physics, to the biology of aquatic creatures and the complex function and balance of aquatic ecosystems of varying size and complexity.
A fully searchable, working editorial site of articles by scientists and scientific historians in the fields of biochemistry and physiology, cell biology, developmental biology, ecology, evolution, genetics, immunology, molecular biology, neuroscience, microbiology and virology, plant science, structural biology, and science and society.