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SURP 812 Qualitative Methods in Planning


Welcome! This guide provides an introduction to citing and using citation managers.

Courtesy of North Carolina State University Libraries.

Citing in Academic Writing

As a student, you may be tasked with writing essays, research reports, theses, and even journal articles. Most forms of academic writing will involve summarizing, paraphrasing or quoting sources of information that need to be cited.

Locating sources of information to cite may include searching the library discovery tool Omni, library databases or the internet in order to find books, journal articles or any other source of information that addresses your topic. If you are unsure about how to get started, contact the library for help!

When do we cite?

  • For information about when it is necessary to cite and when it is unnecessary to cite, see the Plagiarism handout prepared by The Writing Centre at Queen’s University.

Why do we cite?

  • Citing gives credit to the ideas and findings of other authors, which avoids plagiarism.
  • It also allows other readers to track down sources of information in case they would like to verify or review the information in more detail.

What sources can be cited?

  • Scholarly sources such as textbooks, book chapters, journal articles, theses and conference materials.
  • Articles in popular magazines, newspapers, wikis and blogs.
  • Virtually any source can be cited whether the information is communicated via text, audio, video, images, animations or any form of multimedia.

Citing Geospatial Data