The World Factbook provides information on the history, people, government, economy, geography, communications, transportation, military, and transnational issues for 267 world entities. Our Reference tab includes: maps of the major world regions, as well as Flags of the World, a Physical Map of the World, a Political Map of the World, a World Oceans map, and a Standard Time Zones of the World map. (From the site)
BBC News Country Profiles
Information includes history, politics, and economic background as well as links to audio and video clips
Information includes country factsheets, economic reports, and industry reports.
University of Wisconsin's research guide to country statistical yearbooks or similar collections for 111 countries worldwide.
Concise and up-to-date cultural information on countries across the globe
Created by the International Business Center at Michigan State University, globalEDGE™ is a knowledge web-portal providing tools and resources to efficiently research international business. Includes Insights by Country covering history, government, economy and culture.
Full text of OECD books, periodicals, and statistical databases.
World Bank. Documents and Reports
Select "Browse by country".