This 2nd Edition is a comprehensive and in-depth study of the physics of the Earth beyond what any geophysics text has provided previously. A highlight of the 2nd Edition is a new volume on Near Surface Geophysics that discusses the role of geophysics in the exploitation and conservation of natural resources and the assessment of degradation of natural systems by pollution. Additional features include new material in the Planets and Moon, Mantle Dynamics, Core Dynamics, Crustal and Lithosphere Dynamics, Evolution of the Earth, and Geodesy volumes. New material is also presented on the uses of Earth gravity measurements.
This book describes the physical methods involved in exploration for hydrocarbons and minerals. These tools include gravity, magnetic, seismic, electrical, electromagnetic, and radioactivity studies. All aspects of these methods are described, including theoretical considerations, data acquisition, and data processing and interpretation, with the objective of locating concentrations of natural resources and defining their extent.
The aim of this text is to provide a single book that covers all aspects of petroleum exploration, development, and exploitation. This guide provides comprehensive coverage of exploration seismology and elements of geology pertinent to exploration geology.
Seismic refraction method, which covers data acquisition, processing and interpretation techniques. The discussion in this book is about seismic waves and their characteristics, theory of seismic refraction and field procedures.
This book presents a key method for studying time-evolving structures and states in the tectonically active Earth's lithosphere. Based on repeated time-lapse observations and interpretation of rock-induced changes in geophysical fields periodically excited by controlled sources, active geophysical monitoring can be applied to a variety of fields in geophysics, from exploration, to seismology and disaster mitigation.
This book presents the state-of-the-art electromagnetic (EM) theories and methods employed in EM geophysical exploration. The book is divided into four parts covering the foundations of EM field theory and its applications, and emerging geophysical methods.