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MUTH 111: Listening to Revolutions: History, Arts, and Performance II

Style Guides

Chicago manual of style, 16th ed. (2010) is a preferred style manual for academic research in the Humanities and Social Sciences. Use the online version, or the print version in Stauffer Reference (Ref Z253 .U69 2010).

MLA style manual and guide to scholarly publishing, 3rd ed. (2008) is another recommended style manual for the Humanities. Check the print version in Stauffer Library - Reference Collection (Ref PN147 .G444 2008).

See examples of other style guides under Citing sources.

Chicago name-date style examples below:

Book citation, single or two authors:

Riley, Matthew, and Anthony D. Smith. 2016. Nation and Classical Music: From Handel to CoplandWoodbridge, Suffolk, UK : The Boydell Press.

Chapter in an edited book:

Pegley, Kip and Susan Fast. 2007. "America: A Tribute to Heroes: Music, Mourning, and the Unified American Community." In Music in the Post-9/11 World, edited by Jonathan Ritter, J. Martin Daughtry, 27-42. New York, NY: Routledge.

Journal article:

Johnson, James H. 1991. "Beethoven and the Birth of Romantic Musical Experience in France." 19th Century Music 15 (1): 23-35.

Citing Your Sources

Check out these Queen's Library sites and libguides for other information on citing sources:

Citing sources

Citing and Citation managers

Trent University's guide: Chicago style

Trent University's guide: MLA style

Writing Centre

The Queen's Writing Centre provides help with brainstorming ideas, creating outlines, improving grammar and style, and thesis statements.  Students are advised to book an appointment for one-on-one consultations. The Centre is located in the Stauffer Library as part of Queen's Student Academic Success Services (SASS), which also comprises Learning Strategies.

See the SASS links for Learning Topics and Writing Topics and Writing Handouts/Tip Sheets, including Writing Critical Book Reviews.

Reflective Writing

Reflection means taking some time to examine your thoughts, beliefs, values, attitudes and assumptions about your understanding of a topic, a situation or problem.  The key questions in reflective thinking are how? and why? rather than just what?  In reflective writing, students are asked to write down their personal thoughts.  

Reflective Writing (University of Leeds)

Reflective Writing (Royal Roads University)

Bibliographic Citation

A bibliography avoids plagiarism and gives credibility to research.  Pay attention to details when creating citations.  Strive for consistency and accurate information, so interested readers can follow up on citations for reading or further research.

Evaluating Sources

Evaluating your sources is a crucial step of the research process. You need to evaluate carefully each source to determine its appropriateness and quality.

Check our Evaluating Sources Checklist for criteria used to judge information sources and our Scholarly and Popular Sources page to distinguish between scholarly and popular publications.

It is particularly important to evaluation information that you find on the Web. Because there are no rules and anyone can post a page on the Web, you will have to determine whether the web site is of value. Go to Evaluating Web Sources (CRAAP Test) for specific criteria used to analyze websites.

Check our Distinguishing Scholarly Journals from Other Periodicals page in order to evaluate periodicals by looking at their content, purpose, and intended audience.