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The Crusades and the Latin Kingdoms

Why Consult a Reference Source?

Reference resources are a great place to begin your research.  They can help you define terms as well as to find basic information about a topic, a chronicle of its history, theories, key people and sometimes a bibliography of additional sources. 

There are many different types of reference sources, which include dictionaries, encyclopedias, thesauri, bibliographies, handbooks, style manuals to name a few.

Featured Sources

Oxford Reference Online - History
  ♦ Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium
  ♦ Dictionary of British History
  ♦ Oxford Dictionary of Islam
  ♦ Oxford Dictonary of the Renaissance
  ♦ Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages.

Atlas of the Crusades
G1034 .R5 1991 (Maps & Air Photos)

Dictionary of the Middle Ages
REF D114 .D5 1982 plus supplement

Encyclopaedia Islamica

Encyclopedia of Islam

Encyclopedia Judaica

New Catholic Encyclopedia
REF BX841 .N44 2003
The older edition (1907-1912) can be found online

The Routledge Encyclopedias of the Middle Ages (series)

Key Figures in Medieval Europe: an Encyclopedia
REF D115 .E56 2006

General Histories

The titles in Cambridge Histories Online will give you scholarly overviews and enhance any aspect of historical research. Includes the following titles:

The New Cambridge Medieval History

Cambridge History of the Byzantine Empire, ca. 500-1492

Cambridge History of Christianity

The New Cambridge History of Islam

Bibliographies of Sources in Translation

Bibliography of English Translations from Medieval Sources, by Clarissa P. Farrar and Austin P. Evans. New York, Columbia University Press, 1946.
REF PN665.2 F2

Bibliography of English Translations from Medieval Sources, 1943-1967, by Mary Anne Heyward Ferguson. New York, Columbia University Press, 1974.
REF Z6517 .F47

Oxford Bibliographies offers peer reviewed annotated bibliographies which will help you to narrow the vast number of citations to the best scholarship on a given topic.

Bibliographies are browsable by subject area and keyword searchable.

For example, there is a research guide on Medieval Studies as well as an essay on The Crusades and the Ayyubids. 

Within The Crusades essay, there is a section on major Primary Source Collections and Primary Source Collections in Translation. 

Featured Titles