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History and Philosophy of Health and Healthcare

course guide for BMED 173


Secondary Sources

Herophilus. (2008). In Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography (Vol. 6, pp. 316-319). Detroit: Charles Scribner's Sons.

Barber, K. E. (2001). Herophilus of Chalcedon. In N. Schlager & J. Lauer (Eds.), Science and Its Times (Vol. 1, p. 144). Detroit: Gale.

Bay, N. S., & Bay, B. (2010). Greek anatomist herophilus: The father of anatomy. Anatomy & Cell Biology, 43(4), 280-283.

Potter, P. (1976). Herophilus of chalcedon: An assessment of his place in the history of anatomy. Bulletin of the History of Medicine, 50(1), 45.

Wiltse, L., & Pait, T. (1998). Herophilus of alexandria (325-255 B.C.) - the father of anatomy. Spine, 23(17), 1904-1914.

Dr. William Beaumont

Primary Sources

Lovell, Joseph. "A Case of Wounded Stomach. By Joseph Lovell, Surgeon-General, U. S. Army." The American Medical Recorder VIII.I (1825): 14+. Nineteenth Century Collections Online.

Beautont, William. "Further Experiments on the Case of Alexis San Martin Who Was Wounded in the Stomach by a Load of Duck-Shot, Detailed in the Recorder for Jan. 1825. By William Beautont, M. D. Fort Niagara." The American Medical Recorder IX.I (1826): 94+. Nineteenth Century Collections Online.

Secondary Sources

Beaumont, William. (2008). In Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography (Vol. 1, pp. 542-545). Detroit: Charles Scribner's Sons.

Alexis St. Martin. (1879, August 14). In Daily Gazette (Vol.1, no. 16). Las Vegas.

Myer, J. S. (1912). Life and letters of Dr. William Beaumont, including hitherto unpublished data concerning the case of Alexis St. Martin. St. Louis: Mosby.

Osler, W. (1902). William Beaumont.: A pioneer American pysiologist. Journal of the American Medical Association, 39(20), 1223-1231.

Stenn, F. (1953). William Beaumont, Pioneer Physiologist: Centennial of His Death (1785-1853). Journal of the American Medical Association, 152(10), 915-917.

Dr. George Otto Gey

Primary Sources

Gey, G.O., Coffman, W.D., Kubicek, M.T. (1952). Tissue culture studies of the proliferative capacity of cervical carcinoma and normal epithelium. Cancer Research, 12(4), 264-265.

Secondary Sources

Hanks, J.H., & Bang, F.B. (1971). Dr. George Otto Gey 1899-1970. In Vitro, 6(4), 3.

Jones, H.W., Mc Kusick, V.A., Harper, P.S., & Wuu, K. (1971). George Otto Gey (1899–1970): The HeLa cell and a reappraisal of its origin. Obstetrics & Gynecology, 38(6), 945-949.

Skloot, R. (2001). An obsession with culture. Pitt Magazine. University of Pittsburgh.

Wilson, D. (2016). A troubled past? reassessing ethics in the history of tissue culture. Health Care Analysis, 24(3), 246-259.

Dr. John Charles Cutler

Primary Sources

Cutler, John C. (2011). Records of Dr. John C. Cutler.

Magnuson, H. J., Thomas, E. W., Olansky, S., Kaplan, B. I., de Mello, L., & Cutler, J. C. (1956). Inoculation syphilis in human volunteers. Medicine, 35(1), 33-82.

Peters, J. J., Peers, J. H., Olansky, S., Cutler, J. C., & Gleeson, G. A. (1955). Untreated syphilis in the male Negro: pathologic findings in syphilitic and nonsyphilitic patients. Journal of chronic diseases, 1(2), 127-148.

Secondary Sources

Associated Press. (December 8, 1954). Syphilis Preventive Seen by Scientists. Tuscaloosa News.


Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues. (2011). Ethically Impossible: STD Research in Guatemala from 1946 to 1948.

Smith S. (2010). Wellesley professor unearths a horror: Syphilis experiments in guatemala: US apologizes for performing unethical study in 1940s. Boston Globe.

Warren, R. C., Walker Jr, B., Middleton, L. C., & Rabb, L. A. (2013). Community-based participatory research use or abuse: The US Public Health Service syphilis study at Tuskegee. Community-Based Participatory Health Research: Issues, Methods, and Translation to Practice.

Dr. Nancy Olivieri

Primary Sources

Oliveri, N.F. (2003). Patients' health or company profits? The commercialisation of academic research. Science and Engineering Ethics, 9(1), 29-41.

Olivieri, N. F., Brittenham, G. M., McLaren, C. E., Templeton, D. M., Cameron, R. G., McClelland, R. A., ... & Fleming, K. A. (1998). Long-term safety and effectiveness of iron-chelation therapy with deferiprone for thalassemia major. New England Journal of Medicine, 339(7), 417-423.

Secondary Sources

Mcllroy, A. (2003). Toronto doctor loses round in drug battle. The Globe and Mail.
Taylor, P. (1998). A doctor takes on a drug company. The Globe and Mail.

Naimark A., Knoppers B.M., & Lowy F.H. (1998). Clinical trials of L1 (deferiprone) at the Hospital for Sick Children: a review of facts and circumstances,1998;