Chicago manual of style, 16th ed. (2010) is a preferred style manual for academic research in the Humanities and Social Sciences. Use the online version, or the print version in Stauffer Reference (Ref Z253 .U69 2010).
MLA style manual and guide to scholarly publishing, 3rd ed. (2008) is another recommended style manual for the Humanities. Check the print version in Stauffer Library - Reference Collection (Ref PN147 .G444 2008), or see style guides examples under Citing sources.
Chicago name-date style or bibliography style examples below:
Book citation, single author:
Stevens, John E. 1986. Words and Music in the Middle Ages: Song, Narrative, Dance, and Drama, 1050-1350. Cambridge ; New York : Cambridge University Press.
Chapter in an edited book:
Boynton, Susan and Diane J. Reilly. "Sound and Image in the Middle Ages: Reflections on a Conjunction." In Resounding Images: Medieval Intersections of Art, Music and Sound, edited by Susan Boynton and Diane J. Reilly, 15-30. Turnhout: Brepols, 2015.
Murata, Margaret. 1984. "Classical Tragedy in the History of Early Opera in Rome." Early Music History 4: 101-134.
The Queen's Writing Centre provides help with brainstorming ideas, creating outlines, improving grammar and style, and thesis statements. Students are advised to book an appointment for one-on-one consultations. The Centre is located in the Stauffer Library as part of Queen's Student Academic Success Services (SASS), which also comprises Learning Strategies.
Reflection means taking some time to examine your thoughts, beliefs, values, attitudes and assumptions about your understanding of a topic, a situation or problem. The key questions in reflective thinking are how? and why? rather than just what? In reflective writing, students are asked to write down their personal thoughts.
Reflective Writing (University of Leeds)
Reflective Writing (Royal Roads University)
A bibliography avoids plagiarism and gives credibility to research. Pay attention to details when creating citations. Strive for consistency and accurate information, so interested readers can follow up on citations for reading or further research.
Evaluating your sources is a crucial step of the research process. You need to evaluate carefully each source to determine its appropriateness and quality.
It is particularly important to evaluate information that you find on the Web. Because there are no rules and anyone can post a page on the Web, you will have to determine whether the web site is of value. Go to Evaluating Web Sources (CRAAP Test) for specific criteria used to analyze websites.
Check our Distinguishing Scholarly Journals from Other Periodicals page in order to evaluate periodicals by looking at their content, purpose, and intended audience.