Skip to main content

MUTH 110: The Republic to Rationalism: History, Arts, and Performance I

Style Guides

Style Guide

Chicago manual of style, 17th ed. (2017) is a preferred style manual for academic research in the Humanities and Social Sciences. Use the online version, or the print version in Stauffer Reference (Ref Z253 .U69 2017).  Chicago name-date style examples below:

MLA style manual and guide to scholarly publishing, 3rd ed. (2008) is another recommended style manual for the Humanities. Check the print version in Stauffer Library - Reference Collection (Ref PN147 .G444 2008), or see style guides examples under Citing & Citation Management.

Chicago name-date style or bibliography style examples below:

Book citation, single author:

Stevens, John E. 1986. Words and Music in the Middle Ages: Song, Narrative, Dance, and Drama, 1050-1350. Cambridge ; New York : Cambridge University Press.

Chapter in an edited book:

Boynton, Susan and Diane J. Reilly. "Sound and Image in the Middle Ages: Reflections on a Conjunction." In Resounding Images: Medieval Intersections of Art, Music and Sound, edited by Susan Boynton and Diane J. Reilly, 15-30. Turnhout: Brepols, 2015. 

Journal article:

Murata, Margaret. 1984. "Classical Tragedy in the History of Early Opera in Rome." Early Music History 4: 101-134.

Citing Your Sources

Check out these Queen's Library sites and libguides for other information on citing sources:


Queen's Library guide: Citing & Citation Management

Queen's Library guide: Citation managers

Trent University's guide: Chicago style

Trent University's guide: MLA style


Writing Centre

The Queen's Writing Centre provides help with brainstorming ideas, creating outlines, improving grammar and style, and thesis statements.  Students are advised to book an appointment for one-on-one consultations. The Centre is located in the Stauffer Library as part of Queen's Student Academic Success Services (SASS), which also comprises Learning Strategies.

See the SASS links for Academic Skills and Writing Resources and Writing Handouts/Tip Sheets, including Writing Critical Book Reviews.

Reflective Writing

Reflection means taking some time to examine your thoughts, beliefs, values, attitudes and assumptions about your understanding of a topic, a situation or problem.  The key questions in reflective thinking are how? and why? rather than just what?  In reflective writing, students are asked to write down their personal thoughts.  

Reflective Writing (University of Leeds)

Reflective Writing (Royal Roads University)

Bibliographic Citation

A bibliography avoids plagiarism and gives credibility to research.  Pay attention to details when creating citations.  Strive for consistency and accurate information, so interested readers can follow up on citations for reading or further research.

Evaluating Sources

Evaluating your sources is a crucial step of the research process. You need to evaluate carefully each source to determine its appropriateness and quality.

Check our Evaluating Sources Checklist for criteria used to judge information sources and our Scholarly and Popular Sources page to distinguish between scholarly and popular publications.

It is particularly important to evaluate information that you find on the Web. Because there are no rules and anyone can post a page on the Web, you will have to determine whether the web site is of value. Go to Evaluating Web Sources (CRAAP Test) for specific criteria used to analyze websites.

Check our Distinguishing Scholarly Journals from Other Periodicals page in order to evaluate periodicals by looking at their content, purpose, and intended audience.

CRAAP criteria to evaluate web sources

Evaluation criteria includes:
  • Currency: The timeliness of the information.
  • Relevance: The depth and importance of the information.
  • Authority: The source of the information.
  • Accuracy: The reliability of the information.
  • Purpose: The possible bias in the information.