The steps illustrated in the figure are intended to provide you with a structured approach to identify and manage the appropriate information for your research paper. You may be tempted to skip the first steps -- most of us have been found guilty at some point of this infraction -- but research is an iterative process, each subsequent step building upon the information acquired earlier.
|Scholarly Publications||Popular Publications|
|Appearance||simple layout with serious appearance and dense text - main attraction is the articles||colourful, glossy, photos, illustrations, advertisements|
|Audience||scholars, researchers, students and well-educated public||general public|
|Authors||scholars, professional practitioners||journalists, professional and amateur writers who lack subject expertise|
|Review Process||works published after review by credible scholars in the discipline (peer review)||works reviewed by publication editors|
|Research Documentation||footnotes and bibliographies cite the author's research||information sources are rarely cited|
|Language||technical language in the specialized vocabulary of the discipline covered||simple, non-technical language|
|Purpose/Intent||Present cutting-edge research specific to the field||to inform or entertain the reader, sell products, and/or promote a viewpoint|
|Examples||Canadian Journal of Political Science, Shakespeare Quarterly, French Historical Studies||Newsweek, Sports Illustrated, Vogue, People|
Journals and magazines are important sources for up-to-date information in all disciplines. For research papers, you will be required to use scholarly sources. Therefore, it is very important to be able to distinguish scholarly writing from other types of writing.
The following criteria will help you distinguish between these following types of periodical publications: scholarly journals, general interest magazines, popular magazines, trade journals and magazines, and sensational news.
Some examples of scholarly journals include: Canadian Journal of Political Science, Shakespeare Quarterly, French Historical Studies, Modern Age
General Interest Magazines
Examples of general interest magazines include: Maclean's, National Geographic, Psychology Today, Popular Science
Some examples of popular magazines include: Ladies Home Journal, Vogue, Sports Illustrated, People
Some examples of trade publications include: Advertising Age, Food Technology, Interior Design, Rolling Stone
Some examples of sensational periodicals include: National Enquirer, Star, Globe