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Geological Survey of Canada

In 1842, the Canadian government established the Geological Survey of Canada (GSC). The mission of the GSC was to map Canada’s geology, with the goal of producing its mineral resources. The information collected by geologists and engineers over the past 1

Geological Survey of Canada Series

All title descriptions are quoted from Guide to Authors, Geological Survey of Canada, 1975.

Report of Progress

The original reports of the Geological Survey of Canada.  First published 1845 (for work in 1843).  The title change to "Annual Reports" in 1885.

1845-1884.  No volume numbers. Published in English and French.

Annual Reports

The continuation of "Report of Progress".

1885-1907.  Published in English (volumes 1-16) and French (volumes 1-12).

Summary Report

This annual report was first published in 1885.


Comprehensive terminal reports on the geology of specific areas.


Comprehensive reports on geological or related subjects, not primarily on systematic areal mapping.  May be of any length but are generally terminal reports on at least some phase of research project.  May be illustrated in any manner suited to the subject.

Economic Geology Reports

These include reports on subjects of economic interest on a broad regional basis. 


Produced by photo-offset printing from typescript to permit prompt publication of geological information.  May be of any reasonable length and carry maps, figures, and photographs.  They may range from the presentation of accumulated data to highly sophisticated and interpretive reports of progress.  They include the following:

  1. Progress reports on studies that have reached a point where an interim report is justified.  Such reports may be complete and final so far as the status of the investigation permits.
  2. Reports on projects which for economic or scientific reasons deserve immediate treatment in a preliminary manner.
  3. Reports of activities.  Abstract-type reports, of about 2500 words or less.  May include page-size sketch maps or figures drawn by authors and half-tone illustrations.  Issued annually in three parts.
  4. Index of publications.  Annual; includes bibliography of all outside publications.
  5. Abstracts of publications.  Annual; contains abstracts of paper published by staff members in outside scientific journals.

Miscellaneous Reports

Include popular guides designed mainly for the use of the general public, and publications not readily assigned to other categories.

Open File

To place results in the hands of the user as quickly as possible manuscript texts and maps are made available at the principal offices fo the Survey.  In most cases the public may arrange to have copies made commercially.  Many reports that are being prepared for publication are first placed on Open File.


Preliminary Maps - Usually black line geology with blue drainage they mya carry marginal notes and be issued separately but are generally included with a Paper series report.  To elucidate complex relationship such as several generations of folding or ice movement, one or more additional colours may be permitted.
Final multicolour maps - Commonly included with a Memoir or Bulletin, but may carry marginal notes and be issued separately.