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Patents and Designs

Traditional Knowledge

"Traditional knowledge (TK) is knowledge, know-how, skills and practices that are developed, sustained and passed on from generation to generation within a community, often forming part of its cultural or spiritual identity." (WIPO, 2022)

Traditional Cultural Expressions

"Traditional cultural expressions (TCEs)... may include music, dance, art, designs, names, signs and symbols, performances, ceremonies, architectural forms, handicrafts and narratives, or many other artistic or cultural expressions." (WIPO, 2022)