Fake News: Understanding Media and Misinfromation in the Digital Age by Melissa Zimdars (Editor); Kembrew McLeod (Editor)New perspectives on the misinformation ecosystem that is the production and circulation of fake news. What is fake news? This book examines the real fake news: the constant flow of purposefully crafted, sensational, emotionally charged, misleading or totally fabricated information that mimics the form of mainstream news. Rather than viewing fake news through a single lens, the book maps the various kinds of misinformation through several different disciplinary perspectives, taking into account the overlapping contexts of politics, technology, and journalism. Contributors consider possible solutions to the complex problem of fake news - ways to mitigate its spread, to teach students to find factually accurate information, and to go beyond fact-checking.
Call Number: e-book
Publication Date: 2020-01-24
The Information Manifold: Why Computers Can't Solve Algorithmic Bias and Fake News by Antonio BadiaAn argument that information exists at different levels of analysis--syntactic, semantic, and pragmatic--and an exploration of the implications. Although this is the Information Age, there is no universal agreement about what information really is. Different disciplines view information differently; engineers, computer scientists, economists, linguists, and philosophers all take varying and apparently disconnected approaches. In this book, Antonio Badia distinguishes four levels of analysis brought to bear on information: syntactic, semantic, pragmatic, and network-based. Humans live at the semantic and pragmatic level (and at the network level as a society), computers at the syntactic level. This sheds light on some recent issues, including "fake news" (computers cannot tell whether a statement is true or not, because truth is a semantic notion) and "algorithmic bias" (a pragmatic, not syntactic concern). Humans, not computers, the book argues, have the ability to solve these issues.
The European Digital Media Observatory (EDMO) brings together fact-checkers, media literacy experts, and academic researchers to understand and analyse disinformation, in collaboration with media organisations, online platforms and media literacy practitioners.
The Centre for Disinformation Studies (CDS) is a nonpartisan research and public outreach wing of the NATO Association of Canada. The goal of the CDS is to facilitate engagement between academics, government, and the public on the topic of disinformation.
The Network Contagion Research Institute (NCRI) provides pioneering technology, research, and analysis to identify and forecast cyber-social threats targeting individuals, organizations, and communities. The NCRI is committed to empowering partners to become proactive in protecting themselves against false narratives that create rifts of distrust that impact institutions, capital markets, public health, and safety.
The University of Ottawa Information Integrity Lab convenes Canadian and international experts, frontline practitioners, academic researchers and analysts from various fields to collaborate on a wide array of initiatives that contribute to the protection of the integrity of the information ecosystem, in support of democratic institutions, enterprises, and private citizens.