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Style Guides

Citing sources is a necessary part of scientific research, scholarship and communication. There are many different style guides that dictate the format of cited references. In chemistry, one of the most commonly used guides is the ACS Style published by the American Chemical Society. Below are examples of the most frequently encountered types of materials.


Articles (Journals)

Bezanson, M;  Tomberg, A;  Moitessier, N. Fluoride-Mediated Desulfonylative Intramolecular Cyclization to Fused and Bridged Bicyclic Compounds: A Complex Mechanism. J. Org. Chem. 2017 82(5),  2579-2588. DOI:  10.1021/acs.joc.6b02999

Books and e-Books

Emsley, J. Molecules at an Exhibition: Portraits of Intriguing Materials in Everyday Life; Oxford University Press: 1998; pp 15-20.

Santen, R. A. van. Modern Heterogeneous Catalysis: An Introduction; Wiley-VCH, 2017; DOI:10.1002/9783527810253

Conference Proceedings

Course Notes/Lectures

Doe, J. CHEM 6001 Lecture on NMR Spectroscopy. Presented at Queen's University, Kingston, Sept. 10, 2019.

Databases (SciFinder, etc...)

Caffeine. SciFinder. CAS, n.d. (accessed 2020-03-28). IR spectral data obtained from Wiley Subscription Services. (CAS RN: 58-08-2).


Maxwell, G.; Allison, J.; Dixon, R. Cyanides. In Kirk‐Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology; Wiley, March 25, 2020. DOI: 10.1002/0471238961.0325011416051903.a01.pub3


Bond Lengths and Strengths. In Lange's Handbook of Chemistry, 17th ed.; Speight, J. G., Ed. McGraw-Hill Education, 2017.


Earle, M.J.; Katdare, S.P. Aromatic Sulfonation Reactions. US 7,009,077 B2, 2006.

Safety Data Sheets (SDS)

2-Butyne-1,4-diol diacetate; CAS RN: 1573-17-7; b103268; Sigma-Aldrich: Oakville, ON, April 19, 2019. (accessed 2019-09-18).


Lee, D. N-Heterocyclic Carbene as Self-Assembled Monolayers on Gold and Carbon. Ph.D. Thesis [Online], Queen's University, Kingston, ON, 2020. (accessed 2020-09-16).


Periodic Table. American Chemical Society. (accessed 2020-07-20).

International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry Home Page. (accessed 2020-07-20).

Note: The NIST Chemistry WebBook should be cited as a book:

Chickos, J.S. "Heat of Sublimation Data" In NIST Chemistry WebBook; NIST Standard Reference Database Number 69, Eds. P.J. Linstrom and W.G. Mallard, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg MD, 20899,, (retrieved Sept. 13, 2020).