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DEVS 220: Introduction to Indigenous Studies (Online)

Terminology and Citing Sources

Why Cite your sources?

When writing your paper it is likely you will use quotes and/or ideas and opinions from scholars and other authors.  It is essential that you give recognition to the work of others.  Knowing how to cite another person's work properly helps you to:

  • give credit and acknowledge their ideas
  • avoid plagiarism
  • direct readers to the sources on which your research is based
  • uphold the principles of academic integrity

How to cite your sources

Citation Styles are a set of rules or standards established by a specific society, association or publisher for documenting various sources of information. These sources of information may include journal articles, books, thesis, online sources, unpublished manuscripts, magazines, grey literature, etc. Detailed descriptions of the citation styles (often known as Style Manuals or Publication Manuals) can be found on the websites of those societies, associations or publishers who set and maintain the citation standards. Styles may be revised from time to time in which case new or up-dated Manuals are released. It is a good practice to consult the original Publication Manuals for updates.

Citation Style Resources

Take a look at the Queen's Citation and Citation Management page to point you to the most common style guides including the following:

  • APA (American Psychological Association)
  • Chicago Style
  • MLA (Modern Languages Association)

Featured Title


Terminology when writing about indigenous people   (From Indigenous foundations, University of British Columbia)

Aboriginal identity and terminology  (From Indigenous foundations, University of British Columbia)

Reporting in indigenous communities    (Geared toward journalistic writing)

Strategic Alliance of Broadcasters for Aboriginal Reflection. (2003). Key terminology guidebook for reporting on Aboriginal topics.