A case is a written decision of a judge in a court case or tribunal. In the common law in Canada, judges must follow the principle of stare decisis, which requires that judges follow the previous rulings (i.e. precedents) of other judges in higher courts in their province or territory or the Supreme Court of Canada on the same issue.
A labour arbitration case, also called an arbitration award, is the written decision of a labour arbitrator resolving a matter submitted for their consideration. Arbitration awards are binding on the parties involved in the dispute.
To identify the leading cases and awards on a particular legal issue, start by consulting one of the legal textbooks listed in this guide. Once you have found the leading cases, search the following databases to locate additional cases and awards on your topic.
Searching a full-text case law database can help you to identify and locate decisions beyond those that you have already found referenced in secondary sources.
Here are some tips for constructing search strings in full-text case law databases:
The databases listed below can be used to search for full-text labour and employment law cases and awards.
A case law summary is a short description of a case that includes things like the key facts, the legal issue(s), the arguments and/or reasoning, and the outcome of a case. Some case summaries also include a brief editorial comment regarding the legal significance of the case.
Searching a topical collection of case summaries can be a great way of quickly locating cases on a particular legal issue. The following database can be used for locating case summaries in the field of labour and employment law.