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Citing Sources

Properly acknowledging sources is an essential part of academic integrity. For more information on why we cite in academic writing, check University of Toronto's guide on Citing Sources

Different disciplines or courses use different citation styles, so confirm with your instructor which style you should use..

Go to our Citing & Citation Management page and the following site for resources, both print and electronic, on citing sources. 

The Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL) provides a selection of excellent citation resources for:

Citing and Referencing Images

Just as you would cite and reference any textual resources you have used in your work, it is important to correctly cite and reference any images that you use, whether they are taken from printed sources or found online.

For images from books and journals you should include:

  • Author of book
  • Year of publication (in round brackets)
  • Title of book
  • Place of publication: publisher
  • Page reference of illustration and so on
  • illus./fig./diagram/logo/table

For online photographs and images, you should include:

  • Photographer/artist/creator
  • Year of publication (in round brackets)
  • Title of photograph/work (in italics)
  • Available at: URL
  • (Accessed/downloaded: date)

Most web sites will give an indication of how you should acknowledge materials downloaded from them and this information can usually be found in the Terms and Conditions section.  It is always good practice to provide a link back to the original source of the image if it has been downloaded from the web.