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HLTH 101

APA Style Guides

This Library guide is based on the 6th edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association.

For more information and additional examples, please refer to:

The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th edition.


The APA Style Guide to Electronic References, 6th edition.

Citation Styles

Citation Styles are a set of rules or standards established by a specific society, association or publisher for documenting various sources of information. These sources of information may include journal publications, books, theses, online sources, magazines, etc. Detailed description of the citation styles (often known as a Style Manual) can be found on the website of those societies, associations or publishers who set and maintain the citation standards.

Different disciplines or courses use different citation styles, so confirm with your instructor which style you should use. There are many different styles. For example:  APA, MLA, Chicago.

HLTH 101 uses the APA (American Psychological Association) citation style.

The Library has print and electronic copies of various citation style guides.

APA Style

APA style was created by the American Psychological Association. It is a set of rules for publications, including research papers.  In APA style, your sources are cited in two places:

  • In the body of your paper where you add a brief in-text citation.
  • In the Reference list at the end of your paper where you give more complete information for the source.

APA requires every citation to have the following:

  • Author of content
  • Date content was published
  • Title of content
  • Publication information.

Please Note

While the APA style manual provides many examples of how to cite common types of sources, it does not provide rules on how to cite all types of sources. Therefore, if you have a source that APA does not include, find the citation example that is most similar to your source and use that format.