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Resources for Decolonizing Your Teaching

This list offers resources to support a path towards decolonizing our teaching.

Indigenous Approaches to Learning

The Assembly of First Nations offers an educational toolkit called It's our time which includes the First Nations Holistic Lifelong Learning Model. The Anishinaabe Mino Bimaadiziwin Principles for Anishinaabe Education described by the Seven Generations Education Institute in Ontario, outlines "how these principles can be used to develop programs, curriculum, projects, and research."First Nations Holistic Learning Model

Four Arrows (Jacobs, D. T.), et al. (2013). Teaching truly: A curriculum to indigenize mainstream education. New York, NY: Peter Lang Publishing.

Foy, J. (2009). Incorporating talk story into the classroomFirst Nations Perspectives2(1), 25-33.

Iseke-Barnes, J. (2008). Pedagogies for decolonizing. Canadian Journal of Native Education, 31(1), 123-148, 320. 

Learn Alberta. (2018). Walking together: First Nations, Métis, and Inuit perspectives in curriculum 

Longboat, D. (2017). A way of life: Indigenous knowledge to sustain the world [video: one hour 22 minutes].  

Lunny, D., Maisonville, D., Marquez, J., Racevičiūtė, R., Steenbergen, C., Viqar, S., & Young, R. (2017). Decolonizing pedagogy: Guiding principles for CEGEP teachers.

Pete, S. (2015). 100 ways to Indigenize and decolonize academic programs and courses. Regina: University of Regina. 

Ragoonaden, K., & Mueller, L. (2017). Culturally responsive pedagogy: Indigenizing curriculumCanadian Journal of Higher Education47(2), 22-46.

Szabo-Jones, L., Christensen, J., & Cox, C. (Eds.). (2018). Activating the heart: Storytelling, knowledge sharing, and relationship. Waterloo: Wilfrid Laurier University Press.

Western University. (2018). Guide for working with Indigenous students. London: Western University. 

Wildcat, M., McDonald, M., Irlbacher-Fox, S., & Coulthard, G. (2014). Learning from the land: Indigenous land based pedagogy and decolonizationDecolonization: Indigeneity, Education & Society3(3).


Key Reading

Examples of how three educators Indigenized specific courses.  Pete, S., Schneider, B., & O’Reilly, K. (2013). Decolonizing our practice: Indigenizing our teachingFirst Nations Perspectives5(1), 99-115.

Examples of courses interweaving Indigenous knowledge from Pulling together: A guide for curriculum developers.

Dion, S. (2013). Exploring Aboriginal Education. [video series]

Toulouse , P.  Achieving Aboriginal Student Success. For K-8 teachers and anyone looking for ways to infuse an Aboriginal worldview into their curriculum.


Key Principles


- Outcomes for mental, emotional, physical, and spiritual development

- Individual learning goals

- Multimodal experiences

- Land-based, narrative, experiential learning

- Self-assessment

- Authentic sources